HSBC Holdings plc’s earnings per share came in at 34 cents in the first quarter of 2013, substantially surpassing the prior-quarter earnings of 16 cents and the year-ago earnings of 13 cents. Net profit came in at $6.4 million, rising massively from both the prior quarter and the year-ago quarter.
The robust results were driven by top-line improvement and growth in total operating income. Moreover, the core results were favorably impacted by reduced operating expenses. However, dismal performance in some divisions acted as a headwind.
HSBC exhibited significant progress in strategically reshaping itself and improving its returns. Since the beginning of 2011, the company announced the divestiture or closure of 52 of its non-core/unprofitable operations across the globe. Moreover, HSBC generated cost savings of $0.4 billion in the reported quarter, leading to annualized total savings of $4.0 billion.
Performance in Detail
Underlying profit before tax was $7.6 million in the quarter, surging 34.2% year over year. The rise primarily reflected increase in revenues and reduced loan impairment charges along with an improvement in the US consumer and mortgage lending portfolio.
Total revenue (on an underlying basis) stood at $17.6 million, climbing 4.5% from $16.8 million in the previous year quarter. Improvement was largely driven by growth in revenues from residential mortgages and commercial banking in Hong Kong and UK and financing and equity capital markets.
Total operating income rose 7.5% from the year-ago period to $22 million. The rise was mainly due to increase in net trading income, dividend income and other operating income, partially offset by lower net interest and fee income.
Total operating expenses were $9.3 million, decreasing 9.7% from $10.4 million in the prior year quarter. The decline was mainly due to decrease in charges related to UK customer redress programmes and a reduction in restructuring and related costs.
The underlying cost efficiency ratio decreased to 53.2% from 56.9% in the previous year quarter. The fall in efficiency ratio indicates higher profitability.
Performance by Business Line
Retail Banking and Wealth Management: The segment reported $1.6 million in pre-tax profit, down 28.2% from $2.2 million in the prior year quarter. The fall was primarily due to decrease in revenue growth, partially offset by lower loan impairment charges.
Commercial Banking: The segment reported pre-tax profit of $2.18 million, down 0.8% from $2.20 million in the previous year quarter. The fall was mainly due to decrease in revenues, partially offset by decline in loan impairment charges.
Global Banking and Markets: Pre-tax profit for the segment was $3.6 million, increasing 16.5% year over year. Segment results improved on the back of higher revenues, offset in part by rise in loan impairment charges.
Global Private Banking: Pre-tax loss for the segment was $125 million compared with the pre-tax profit of $286 million in the previous year quarter. The deterioration was due to increase in operating expenses, fall in revenues and higher loan impairment charges.
Other: The segment recorded a pre-tax profit of $1.2 million in the reported quarter against pre-tax loss of $3.4 million in the prior year quarter. This was primarily due to increase in revenues and decrease in operating expenses, partially offset by higher loan impairment charges.
Profitability and Capital Ratios
Profitability ratios improved in the quarter. Annualized return on equity rose to 14.9% from 6.4% in the previous year quarter. Moreover, pre-tax return on risk-weighted assets (annualized) increased to 3.1% from 1.4% in the prior year quarter.
HSBC continued to generate capital from its retained profits. The company’s core tier 1 ratio as of Mar 31, 2013 improved to 12.7% compared with 12.3% as of Mar 31, 2012. Total capital ratio also rose from 16.1% recorded as of Dec 31, 2012 to 16.7% as of Mar 31, 2013.
HSBC is bearing the brunt of weak revenue growth in its mature markets mainly due to the ongoing low interest rates and regulatory restrictions. However, the company is poised to benefit from its extensive global network, strong capital position, business re-engineering and solid asset growth.
Further, HSBC’s cost containment measures are expected to extensively help it counter the economic pressures. However, high inflation in some key Asian markets, sluggish loan growth, insufficient core operating performance and increased wage inflation are apprehended to restrict the company’s growth in the near future.
HSBC currently carries a Zacks Rank #3 (Hold). However, other foreign banks that are worth considering include China Merchants Bank Co., Ltd. (CIHKY) and United Overseas Bank Limited (UOVEY) with a Zacks Rank #1 (Strong Buy) and Agricultural Bank of China Limited (ACGBY) with a Zacks Rank #2 (Buy).