Fundamentally, the Zacks
Oil and Gas - Drilling industry is in good shape for a rebound this year as contract activity is on the upside. The sharp increase in oil and gas prices has created a healthy landscape for drilling contractors like Helmerich & Payne ( HP Quick Quote HP - Free Report) , Transocean ( RIG Quick Quote RIG - Free Report) , Patterson-UTI Energy ( PTEN Quick Quote PTEN - Free Report) and Nabors Industries ( NBR Quick Quote NBR - Free Report) . Industry Overview
The Zacks Oil and Gas - Drilling industry consists of companies that provide rigs (or specialized vehicles) on a contractual basis to explore and develop oil and gas. These operators offer drilling rigs (both land-based/onshore and offshore), equipment, services and manpower to exploration and production companies worldwide. Drilling for hydrocarbons is a costly and technically difficult enterprise, whose future primarily depends on contracting activity and the total number of available rigs at a given point of time, rather than the price of oil or gas. Within the industry, it's interesting to note that the volatility associated with offshore drilling companies is much higher than their onshore counterparts and their share prices are more correlated to the price of oil. Overall, the drilling stocks are among the most volatile in the entire equity market.
3 Trends Defining the Oil and Gas - Drilling Industry's Future
Oil and natural gas prices have rebounded sharply, revisiting their multi-year highs due to rising demand. Consequently, drilling activity has been picking up. In the United States, a region on which most drillers are highly dependent, rig count at the end of 2021 was 586 compared with 351 a year ago, in sync with the strength in commodity prices. The number of active units in Canada and the international markets has gained sharply too. The steady growth in rig count is an encouraging indicator of contracting activity. Supportive Rig Count: One of the key positive arguments for drillers is the focus on reserve replacement rate. Over the past few years, the supermajors have struggled to replace all of the oil and gas they churn out, raising concerns about future production. In this context, Chevron’s 2020 reserve replacement ratio of just 74% indicates the inability to add proved reserves to the amount of oil and gas produced. This clearly calls for a calibrated approach in meeting reserve shortfalls in the long run. Consequently, a gradual improvement in drilling activity looks likely. Low Reserve Replacements a Silver Lining: For most operators, order levels have remained depressed and day rates are trending just above cash costs despite the strong rebound in commodity prices. This has put increasing pressure on their revenue-generating capacity. Further, as the companies’ legacy, high-margin contracts wind down slowly, the drillers are faced with the prospect of a drop in backlog (and consequently, revenues), which is likely to accelerate over the next few quarters. This also leaves the drillers vulnerable to address their massive debt maturities and investment in newbuilds. Wind-Down of Legacy, High-Margin Contracts: Zacks Industry Rank Indicates Positive Outlook
The Zacks Oil and Gas - Drilling industry is a 7-stock group within the broader Zacks
Oil - Energy sector. It currently carries a Zacks Industry Rank #109, which places it in the top 43% of more than 250 Zacks industries. The group’s Zacks Industry Rank, which is basically the average of the Zacks Rank of all the member stocks, indicates challenging near-term prospects. Our research shows that the top 50% of the Zacks-ranked industries outperforms the bottom 50% by a factor of more than 2 to 1. The industry’s position in the top 50% of the Zacks-ranked industries is a result of a conducive earnings outlook for the constituent companies in aggregate. Looking at the aggregate earnings estimate revisions, it appears that analysts are optimistic about this group’s earnings growth potential. While the industry’s earnings estimates for 2021 have improved 13.2% in the past year, the same for 2022 have risen 42.3% over the same timeframe. Considering the encouraging dynamics of the industry, we will present a few stocks that you may want to consider for your portfolio. But it’s worth taking a look at the industry’s shareholder returns and current valuation first. Industry Outperforms Sector & SP 500
The Zacks Oil and Gas - Drilling industry has fared better than the broader Zacks Oil - Energy Sector as well as the Zacks S&P 500 composite over the past year.
The industry has surged 68.7% over this period compared with the broader sector’s increase of 33.2%. Meanwhile, the S&P 500 has gained 25.1%. One-Year Price Performance
Industry's Current Valuation
Since oil and gas drilling companies are debt-laden, it makes sense to value them based on the EV/EBITDA (Enterprise Value/ Earnings before Interest Tax Depreciation and Amortization) ratio. This is because the valuation metric takes into account not just equity but also the level of debt. For capital-intensive companies, EV/EBITDA is a better valuation metric because it is not influenced by changing capital structures and ignores the effect of non-cash expenses.
On the basis of the trailing 12-month enterprise value-to EBITDA (EV/EBITDA), the industry is currently trading at 13.56X, lower than the S&P 500’s 15.70X. It is, however, well above the sector’s trailing-12-month EV/EBITDA of 4.86X. Over the past five years, the industry has traded as high as 24.73X, as low as 7.28X, with a median of 11.22X, as the chart below shows. Trailing 12-Month Enterprise Value-to EBITDA (EV/EBITDA) Ratio (Past Five Years)
4 Oil and Gas - Drilling Stocks to Keep an Eye On
Transocean: Being the largest provider of offshore contract drilling services, Transocean's unrivaled backlog of $7.1 billion offers cash flow visibility. As it is, the company’s technologically advanced and versatile drilling fleet differentiates it from competitors and provides it with an edge. RIG reported revenue efficiency of an impressive 98% in the third quarter of 2021. This is an indication of minimal loss of revenues due to downtime and Transocean’s superior efficiency in translating its industry-leading backlog into cash. The company has also been taking necessary steps to enhance its fleet with modern and competitive rigs, while scrapping off old and incompetent drill ships, which is expected to make its operations more technically effective and efficient. The 2022 Zacks Consensus Estimate for this Switzerland-based rig supplier indicates 3.2% earnings per share growth over 2021. Transocean carries a Zacks Rank #2 (Buy) and its shares have gained 7.3% in a year. Price and Consensus: RIG
Patterson-UTI Energy: Patterson-UTI Energy is one of the largest North American land drilling contractors, having a large, high-quality fleet of drilling rigs. The company’s technologically advanced Apex rigs are the key to its success. PTEN’s proprietary design makes the rigs move faster than the conventional rigs, and drill quicker and more efficiently. Patterson-UTI’s acquisition of Pioneer Energy Services has boosted its scale and geographic presence. Following the transaction closure, Patterson-UTI possesses 166 super-spec rigs in the United States, with nearly 50% outfitted with alternative power sources to minimize emissions. In addition, this takeover expands Patterson-UTI’s geographic reach to foreign markets with the addition of eight rigs in Colombia, where Pioneer has served for the past 14 years with a well-recognized operations staff and set-up. The 2022 Zacks Consensus Estimate for this Houston, TX-based company indicates 62.7% earnings per share growth over 2021. The #2 Ranked PTEN has gained 58.1% in a year. Price and Consensus: PTEN
Nabors Industries: Nabors is one of the largest land-drilling contractors in the world, conducting oil, gas and geothermal land-drilling operations. NBR is well positioned with a sound mix of high-performance rigs and new rigs working in key shale plays like Bakken and Permian. Nabors’ initiatives to expand its geographic reach and diversify its operating assets beyond land rigs bode well for its Rig Technologies and Drilling Solutions segments. Tesco Corporation, Robotic Drilling Systems and PetroMar's buyout have boosted the drilling operations and technology of Nabors, adding to the company's earnings and shareholder value. The 2022 Zacks Consensus Estimate for this Hamilton, Bermuda-based company indicates 49.9% earnings per share growth over 2021. Nabors currently carries a Zacks Rank #3 (Hold). The stock has gained 76.5% in a year. Price and Consensus: NBR
Helmerich & Payne: Helmerich & Payne is engaged in the contract drilling of oil and gas wells in the United States & internationally. Its technologically advanced FlexRigs are much in demand. The company has already upgraded most of its drilling fleet with the latest technology. Besides, Helmerich & Payne boasts a strong balance sheet, carrying around $542 million in long-term debt against $1.1 billion in cash. In fact, the company’s debt-to-capitalization stands at just 26% compared with many of its peers that are hugely burdened with debts, accounting for around 50% of their total capital structure. With $750 million available under the revolving credit facility and a lack of significant near-term maturities, Helmerich & Payne should sail through any difficult operating environment. The fiscal 2022 Zacks Consensus Estimate for this Tulsa, OK-based company indicates 57.3% earnings per share growth over fiscal 2021. The provider of land and offshore rigs carries a Zacks Rank of 3 and its shares are up 22.6% in a year. Price and Consensus: HP