Among valuation metrics, price-to-earnings (P/E) and price-to-sales (P/S) are more commonly used for stock selection. This is because calculations based on earnings and to some extent sales are easy and come in handy. However, the price-to-book ratio (P/B ratio) has emerged as a convenient tool for identifying low-priced stocks with high-growth prospects.
The P/B ratio is used to calculate how much an investor needs to pay for each dollar of the book value of a stock. It is calculated by dividing the current closing price of the stock by the latest quarter's book value per share.
P/B ratio = market capitalization/book value of equity
The P/B ratio helps to identify low-priced stocks that have high-growth prospects.
Ford Motor Company ( F Quick Quote F - Free Report) , General Motors Company ( GM Quick Quote GM - Free Report) , KB Home ( KBH Quick Quote KBH - Free Report) , Group 1 Automotive ( GPI Quick Quote GPI - Free Report) , and Signet Jewelers Limited ( SIG Quick Quote SIG - Free Report) are some such picks. What’s Book Value?
There are several ways by which book value can be defined. Book value is the total value that would be left over, according to the company’s balance sheet, if it goes bankrupt immediately. In other words, this is what shareholders would theoretically receive if a company liquidates all its assets after paying off all its liabilities.
It is calculated by subtracting total liabilities from the total assets of a company. In most cases, this equates to common stockholders’ equity on the balance sheet. However, depending on the company’s balance sheet, intangible assets should also be subtracted from total assets to determine book value.
Understanding P/B Ratio
By comparing the book value of equity to its market price, we get an idea of whether a company is under-or overpriced. However, like P/E or P/S ratio, it is always better to compare P/B ratios within industries.
A P/B ratio of less than one means that the stock is trading at less than its book value, or the stock is undervalued and therefore a good buy. Conversely, a stock with a ratio greater than one can be interpreted as being overvalued or relatively expensive.
For example, a stock with a P/B ratio of 2 means that we pay $2 for every $1 of book value. Thus, the higher the P/B, the more expensive the stock.
But there is a caveat. A P/B ratio less than one can also mean that the company is earning weak or even negative returns on its assets or that the assets are overstated, in which case the stock should be shunned because it may be destroying shareholder value. Conversely, the stock’s price may be significantly high — thereby pushing the P/B ratio to more than one — in the likely case that it has become a takeover target, a good enough reason to own the stock.
Moreover, the P/B ratio isn't without limitations. It is useful for businesses — like finance, investments, insurance, and banking or manufacturing companies — with many liquid/tangible assets on the books. However, it can be misleading for firms with significant R&D expenditure, high debt, service companies, or those with negative earnings.
In any case, the ratio is not particularly relevant as a standalone number. One should analyze other ratios like P/E, P/S, and debt to equity before arriving at a reasonable investment decision.
Screening Parameters Price to Book (common Equity) less than X-Industry Median: A lower P/B compared with the industry average implies that there is enough room for the stock to gain. Price to Sales less than X-Industry Median: The P/S ratio determines how much the market values every dollar of the company’s sales/revenues — a lower ratio than the industry makes the stock attractive. Price to Earnings using F(1) estimate less than X-Industry Median: The P/E ratio (F1) values a company based on its current share price relative to its estimated earnings per share — a lower ratio than the industry is considered better. PEG less than 1: PEG links the P/E ratio to the future growth rate of the company. The PEG ratio portrays a more complete picture than the P/E ratio. A value of less than 1 indicates that the stock is undervalued and investors need to pay less for a stock that has bright earnings growth prospects. Current Price greater than or equal to $5: They must all be trading at a minimum of $5 or higher. Average 20-Day Volume greater than or equal to 100,000: A substantial trading volume ensures that the stock is easily tradable. Zacks Rank less than or equal to #2: Zacks Rank #1 (Strong Buy) or 2 (Buy) stocks are known to outperform irrespective of the market environment. Value Score equal to A or B: Our research shows that stocks with a Value Score of A or B, when combined with a Zacks Rank #1 or 2, offer the best opportunities in the value investing space.
Here are our five picks out of the 15 stocks that qualified the screening:
Ford Motor Company designs, manufactures, markets and services cars, trucks, sport utility vehicles, electrified vehicles, and Lincoln luxury vehicles.
Ford Motor has a projected 3-5-year EPS growth rate of 25.2%. Ford Motor currently has a Zacks Rank #1 and a Value Score of A. You cansee
the complete list of today’s Zacks #1 Rank stocks here. Group 1 Automotive is a leading automotive retailer. Through these dealerships, the firm sells new and used cars and light trucks. Apart from selling new and used vehicles, Group 1 Automotive offers vehicle financing and insurance and service contracts.
Group 1 Automotive has a projected 3-5-year EPS growth rate of 12.1%. It currentlyhas a Zacks Rank #2 and a Value Score of A.
General Motors Company is one of the world’s largest automakers. The top U.S. carmaker aims to spend more than $27 billion through 2025 to launch gen-next EVs powered by new low-cost batteries. General Motors plans to roll out 11 new EVs as part of its ambitious plans through 2025, including at least 20 new models by 2023.
General Motors has a Zacks Rank #2 and a Value Score of A. General Motors has a projected 3-5-year EPS growth rate of 9.9%.
KB Home is a well-known homebuilder in the United States and one of the largest in the state. KB Home has a Zacks Rank #1 and a Value Score of B.
KBH’s Homebuilding operations include building and designing homes that cater to first-time, move-up and active adult homebuyers on acquired or developed lands. KB Home also builds attached and detached single-family homes, townhomes and condominiums. KB Home has a projected 3-5-year EPS growth rate of 17.2%.
Signet Jewelers is a retailer of diamond jewelry, watches as well as other products.
Signet Jewelers has a projected 3-5-year EPS growth rate of 8%. Signet Jewelers currently has a Zacks Rank #1 and a Value Score of A.
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