Price-to-earnings (P/E), given its inherent simplicity, is the most commonly used metric in the value investing world. It is preferred by many investors to handpick stocks trading at attractive prices. However, even this straightforward, broadly used valuation metric has a few limitations.
What Makes EV-to-EBITDA a Better Alternative?
While P/E enjoys great popularity among value investors, a less-used and more-complicated metric called EV-to-EBITDA is sometimes viewed as a better alternative. EV-to-EBITDA gives the true picture of a company’s valuation and earnings potential. It has a more comprehensive approach to valuation.
EV-to-EBITDA is essentially the enterprise value (EV) of a stock divided by its earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA). EV is the sum of a company’s market capitalization, its debt and preferred stock minus cash and cash equivalents. The other component of the multiple, EBITDA, gives a better idea of a company’s profitability as it removes the impact of non-cash expenses like depreciation and amortization that reduce net earnings. It is also often used as a proxy for cash flows. Usually, the lower the EV-to-EBITDA ratio, the more attractive it is. A low EV-to-EBITDA ratio could signal that a stock is potentially undervalued. However, unlike P/E ratio, EV-to-EBITDA takes into account the debt on a company’s balance sheet. Given this reason, EV-to-EBITDA is usually used to value the possible acquisition targets. Stocks with a low EV-to-EBITDA multiple could be seen as potential takeover candidates. Moreover, P/E can’t be used to value a loss-making firm. A firm’s earnings are also subject to accounting estimates and management manipulation. In contrast, EV-to-EBITDA is harder to manipulate and can also be used to value companies that have negative net earnings but are positive on the EBITDA front. EV-to-EBITDA is also a useful tool in evaluating the value of firms that are highly leveraged and have a high degree of depreciation. Moreover, it can be used to compare companies with different levels of debt. But EV-to-EBITDA has its limitations too. The ratio varies across industries (a high-growth industry typically has higher multiple and vice versa) and is usually not appropriate while comparing stocks in different industries given their diverse capital requirements. Therefore, instead of just relying on EV-to-EBITDA, you can club it with the other major ratios such as price-to-book (P/B), P/E and price-to-sales (P/S) to achieve the desired results. Screening Criteria
Here are the parameters to screen for value stocks:
EV-to-EBITDA 12 Months-Most Recent less than X-Industry Median: A lower EV-to-EBITDA ratio represents a cheaper valuation. P/E using (F1) less than X-Industry Median: This metric screens stocks that are trading at a discount to their peers. P/B less than X-Industry Median: A lower P/B compared with the industry average implies that the stock is undervalued. P/S less than X-Industry Median: The lower the P/S ratio, the more attractive the stock is as investors will have to pay a smaller price for the same amount of sales generated by the company. Estimated One-Year EPS Growth F(1)/F(0) greater than or equal to X-Industry Median: This parameter will help in screening stocks that have growth rates higher than the industry median. This is a meaningful indicator as decent earnings growth always adds to investor optimism. Average 20-day Volume greater than or equal to 100,000: The addition of this metric ensures that shares can be traded easily. Current Price greater than or equal to $5: This parameter will help in screening stocks that are trading at a minimum price of $5 or higher. Zacks Rank less than or equal to 2: No screening is complete without the Zacks Rank, which has proven its worth since inception. It is a fundamental truth that stocks with a Zacks Rank #1 (Strong Buy) or 2 (Buy) have always managed to beat adversities and outperform the market. Our research shows that stocks with a Value Score of A or B when combined with a Zacks Rank #1 or 2 offer the best upside potential. Value Score of less than or equal to B: Here are five of the 20 stocks that passed the screen: Vista Outdoor Inc. ( VSTO Quick Quote VSTO - Free Report) is a leading designer, manufacturer and marketer of outdoor recreation and shooting sports products. VSTO, a Zacks Rank #1 stock, has a Value Score of A. Vista Outdoor has an expected earnings growth rate of 115.6% for the current fiscal year. The Zacks Consensus Estimate for VSTO's current-year earnings has been revised 29.6% upward over the last 60 days. AdvanSix Inc. ( ASIX Quick Quote ASIX - Free Report) is a manufacturer of nylon 6 resin, chemical intermediates and ammonium sulfate fertilizer. ASIX, a Zacks Rank #1 stock, has a Value Score of A. You can see . the complete list of today’s Zacks #1 Rank stocks here AdvanSix has an expected year-over-year earnings growth rate of 196.9% for the current year. ASIX's consensus estimate for the current year has been revised 14.1% upward over the last 60 days. Schneider National, Inc. ( SNDR Quick Quote SNDR - Free Report) is a leading transportation and logistics services company. This Zacks Rank #1 stock has a Value Score of B. Schneider National has an expected year-over-year earnings growth rate of 71.2% for the current year. The Zacks Consensus Estimate for SNDR's current-year earnings has been revised 9.2% upward over the last 60 days. PetroChina Company Limited ( PTR Quick Quote PTR - Free Report) is the largest integrated oil company in China. It engages in a broad range of petroleum-related products, services and activities. This Zacks Rank #2 company has a Value Score of A. PetroChina has an expected year-over-year earnings growth rate of 411% for the current year. The consensus estimate for PTR’s current-year earnings has been revised 6.2% upward over the last 60 days. DXC Technology Company ( DXC Quick Quote DXC - Free Report) offers a broad array of professional services to clients in the global, commercial and government markets. DXC, a Zacks Rank #2 stock, has a Value Score of A. DXC Technology has an expected year-over-year earnings growth rate of 51.4% for the current fiscal year. The Zacks Consensus Estimate for DXC's current-year earnings has been revised 2.2% upward over the last 60 days. You can get the rest of the stocks on this list by signing up now for your 2-week free trial to the Research Wizard and start using this screen in your own trading. Further, you can also create your own strategies and test them first before taking the investment plunge. The Research Wizard is a great place to begin. It's easy to use. Everything is in plain language. And it's very intuitive. Start your Research Wizard trial today. And the next time you read an economic report, open up the Research Wizard, plug your finds in, and see what gems come out. . Click here to sign up for a free trial to the Research Wizard today Disclosure: Officers, directors and/or employees of Zacks Investment Research may own or have sold short securities and/or hold long and/or short positions in options that are mentioned in this material. An affiliated investment advisory firm may own or have sold short securities and/or hold long and/or short positions in options that are mentioned in this material. Disclosure: Performance information for Zacks’ portfolios and strategies are available at: . https://www.zacks.com/performance