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Q1 Earnings Season Scorecard

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Note: The following is an excerpt from this week’s Earnings Trends report. You can access the full report that contains detailed historical actuals and estimates for the current and following periods, please click here>>>

Here are the key points:

•    We have Q1 results from 477 S&P 500 members or 97.6% of the index’s total membership. Total earnings for these companies are up +13.6% from the same period last year on +7.2% higher revenues, with 72.3% beating EPS estimates and 65.4% beating revenue estimates.

•    These results represent a notable improvement over what we have been seeing from the same group of 477 index members in the recent past. Not only is the growth pace (both earnings as well as revenues) tracking above other recent periods, but the proportion of companies beating estimates, particularly revenue estimates, is notably tracking above other recent periods.

•    With the positive Wal-Mart (WMT) report now in, we have Q1 results from 85.7% of the retailers in the S&P 500 index. Total Q1 earnings for the Retail sector are up +1.7% from the same period last year on +3.2% higher revenues, with 61.1% beating EPS estimates and 50% beating revenue estimates. The sector’s Q1 results are tracking below what we have been seeing in other recent periods and are also among the weakest this reporting cycle.

•    For Q1 as a whole, combining the actual results from the 477 S&P 500 members that have reported with estimates from the still-to-come 23 companies, total earnings are expected to be up +13.1% on +6.9% higher revenues, the highest growth pace in over five years. The Finance, Technology, Industrial Products, Consumer Discretionary, Basic Materials, and Business Services sectors stand out with double-digit earnings growth.

•    Estimates for the current period (2017 Q2) have come down since the start of the quarter, but the magnitude of negative revisions nevertheless compares favorably to other recent periods.

With even the Retail sector results now mostly out, the Q1 earnings season is now effectively behind us. Our overall take on this earnings season has been favorable, with growth reaching its highest level in more than 5 years, an above-average proportion of companies beating EPS and revenue estimates, and relatively encouraging trends in estimate revisions for the current period. This reassuring view doesn’t extend to the Retail sector, whose results have been fairly weak.

Wal-Mart’s positive Q1 earnings report followed similarly favorable releases from Target (TGT) and Home Depot (HD - Free Report) , helping offset some of the negativity surrounding the traditional retailers’ earnings picture following the very weak department store results. While Wal-Mart and Home Depot genuinely came out with positive surprises, the Target outperformance was largely a function of very low expectations.

Retail Sector Scorecard

For the sector as a whole, we now have Q1 results from 94.8% of retailers in the S&P 500 index. Total earnings for these retailers are up +1.7% from the same period last year on +3.2% higher revenues, with 61.1% beating EPS estimates and 50% beating revenue estimates.

This is a weaker performance than we have seen from the sector in other recent reporting cycles, particularly with respect to positive surprises. The charts below compare the sector’s Q1 results with what these same retailers reported in other historical periods.

As you can see, the sector’s growth pace is tracking below historical periods, though the proportion of positive EPS surprises is about in-line with historical levels and revenue surprises are tracking above historical periods, as is the case with many other sectors.

With respect to the sector’s growth pace in Q1, we should keep in mind that the unfavorable comparison at this stage is despite the strong growth from Amazon, whose earnings were up +41.1% on +22.6% higher revenues. The reported Retail sector earnings growth is flat on an ex-Amazon basis.

Q1 Earnings Season Scorecard

Total Q1 earnings for the 477 index members that have reported results are up +13.6% from the same period last year on +7.2% higher revenues, with 72.3% beating EPS estimates and 65.4% coming ahead of top-line expectations. The proportion of companies beating both EPS and revenue estimates is currently 51.6%.

The side-by-side charts below compare the growth rates and beat ratios for the 477 index members with what we saw from the same companies in other recent periods.

The comparison charts above show that growth as well as positive beats are tracking above historical periods. The proportion of companies beating revenue estimates is particularly notable, as is the revenue growth pace.

Please note that the positive Q1 results are broad-based and not narrowly concentrated. Sectors that are beating revenue estimates at a proportion higher than the average for the S&P 500 index, which itself is tracking above historical periods, include Autos (90% beat revenue estimates), Conglomerates (83.3%), Industrial Products (81.8% beating revenue estimates), Technology (80%), Basic Materials (75%), Transportation (73.3%), Construction (69.2%), Utilities (69%), Medical (68%), and Finance (68.1%). The Consumer Staples operators appear to be struggling, with the proportion of Consumer Staples companies beating revenue estimates currently the lowest of all 16 Zacks sectors.

Estimates for the current period (2017 Q2) have come down since the start of the quarter, but the magnitude of negative Q2 revisions still compares favorably with the comparable periods over the last two years.

In other words, Q2 estimates are falling, but they aren’t falling by as much as would typically be expected.

All in all, there is plenty to like in how the Q1 earnings season has unfolded.

Note: Sheraz Mian manages the Zacks equity research department. He is an acknowledged earnings expert whose commentaries and analyses appear on and in the print and electronic media. His weekly earnings related articles include Earnings Trends and Earnings Preview. He manages the Zacks Top 10 and Focus List portfolios and writes the Weekly Market Analysis article for Zacks Premium subscribers.

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