The impressive stock market performance of department store operators like Macy’s (M - Free Report) , Nordstrom (JWN - Free Report) , Kohl’s (KSS - Free Report) , J.C. Penney (JCP - Free Report) and others over the last three trading sessions in the run up to and following their quarterly releases would suggest that market participants are starting to see ‘green shoots’ on the horizon for this beleaguered space.
While there is room for optimism for Kohl’s and J.C. Penney shareholders given their better than expected same-store sales performance, the Macy’s earnings beat doesn’t appear to be nothing more than better than expected management execution with respect to expenses and inventories (Macy’s missed same-store sales estimates).
The market’s positive reaction to results from Macy’s and the others isn’t so much reflective of a fundamental reset for these companies, but rather a function of the extremely bearish sentiment on these names. For example, despite the roughly +7% pop in Macy’s shares over the last three sessions, the stock is down -44% this year, underperforming the Zacks Department Store industry’s -36.1% drop and the S&P 500 index’s +15.9% gain. There is a buyer for every stock at the ‘right price’ and the prices for Macy’s and others likely had overshot to the downside.
The broader retail sector, however, has done really well this year; in fact the sector has done better than the S&P 500 index. The Zacks Retail sector is up +22.1% in the year-to-date period, doing better than the broader market. The broader sector’s outperformance primarily reflects the reality that the Zacks Retail sector not only houses the likes of Macy’s and other brick-and-mortar operators, but also online vendors like Amazon (AMZN - Free Report) that are behind the traditional operators’ never-ending pain.
You can clearly see this dynamic at play in the year-to-date chart below plotting Macy’s (red line) against the Zacks Department Store industry (blue line) and Amazon (green line).
The issues are well known by now - these operators needed literally to reinvent their businesses to effectively operate in an environment where consumers are steadily shifting their spending dollars to the online medium instead of visiting the physical store. This obviously isn’t just a 2017 phenomenon and has been around for a while now, but we get to see an interesting dynamic at play if we look at the same chart on a longer time horizon, say 5 years, as in the chart below.
What is interesting about this longer time horizon chart is that Macy’s, the department store space as a whole and Amazon shares are roughly moving in-line with each other for quite a while, through July 17, 2015 to be precise. In other words, what seem such obvious existential secular headwinds facing this space at present are only so with the benefit of hindsight; the market had no idea what lay ahead for Macy’s and its peers prior to that July day in 2015. The takeaway from this discussion is that many trends that appear crystal clear in retrospect are anything but that in real time.
What’s the significance of that date in July 2015? Amazon held its first Prime Day on July 15th to celebrate the 20th anniversary of its founding, which it claimed turned out to be bigger than Black Friday. As you can see in the chart above, the world has never been the same since that day, particularly for Macy’s and its department store peers.
Retail Sector Scorecard
As of Friday, November 10th, we now have Q3 results from 22 of the 39 retailers in the S&P 500 index. This week brings results from the big-box operators Wal-Mart (WMT - Free Report) , Target (TGT - Free Report) , Home Depot (HD - Free Report) and others. Total earnings for the 22 retailers that have reported already are up +2.3% from the same period last year on +10.1% higher revenues, with 81.8% beating EPS estimates and 63.6% beating revenue estimates.
Please note that we have a stand-alone Retail sector, unlike the official Standard & Poor’s placement of this space in their Consumer Discretionary sector. The Zacks Retail sector includes, besides the traditional department stores and other brick-and-mortar retailers, the online vendors like Amazon and Priceline and restaurant operators. Results from the online vendors and most of the restaurant operators are already behind us at this stage.
The side-by-side charts below compare the sector’s results thus far with what we have seen from the same group of 22 retailers in other recent periods.
The aggregate earnings growth pace from the 22 retailers that have reported results already are tracking below what we had seen from the same companies in other recent periods, though revenue growth is notably above other recent periods. Positive surprises are as numerous in this sector as they have been all along in other sectors this earnings season.
A big driver of the top-line growth momentum is Amazon whose Q3 revenues were up +33.7% from the year-earlier period. As you can see in the growth comparison charts below, the sector’s reported Q3 revenue growth halves on an ex-Amazon basis (right-hand side chart).
We will get Retail’s complete picture following this week’s results from Wal-Mart, Target, Home Depot and others.
Q3 Earnings Season Scorecard (as of Friday, November 10, 2017)
We now have Q3 results from 457 S&P 500 members or 91.4% of the index’s total membership. Total earnings for these companies are up +6.7% from the same period last year on +6.1% higher revenues, with 72.6% beating EPS estimates and 66.5% beating revenue estimates.
The charts below compare the Q3 results thus far from the 457 index members with what we had seen from the same group of companies in other recent periods.
Looking at Q3 as a whole, combining the actual results from the 457 S&P 500 members that have come out with estimates for the still-to-come 43 index members, total earnings are expected to be up +6.3% from the same period last year on +5.6% higher revenues. Excluding the weak results from the Finance sector, total earnings for the rest of the index would be up +10% on +6.1% revenue growth. The table below shows the summary picture for Q3, contrasted with what was actually achieved in the preceding earnings season.
Four Takeaways From the Q3 Earnings Season
First, we saw a clear momentum on the revenue front, with growth accelerating from other recent periods. Total revenues for the 457 S&P 500 members that have reported results, as of Friday, November 10th, are up +6.1% from the same period last year, which compares to +5.9% top-line growth for the same group of companies in the preceding quarter and still lower average growth rates in the prior periods, as the comparison chart below shows.
Second, the above-average proportion of positive surprises that we saw in the preceding period continued this earnings season as well. We typically don’t give positive surprises a lot of weight in evaluating or assessing an earnings season since we all know that management teams are experts in managing expectations. Even then, the trend emerging in the Q3 earnings season is noteworthy for two reasons. First, estimates for the quarter had not fallen by as much as had historically been the case. Second, the proportion of positive revenue surprises, a much harder variable to manipulate relative to earnings, is only a shade below the preceding quarter’s record level.
The chart below shows the proportion of 457 S&P 500 members that have beaten both EPS and revenue estimates and how that compares to historical periods.
Third, the revisions trend for the December quarter is shaping up to be unusually favorable. The pattern over the last few years has been that as the quarterly earnings reporting season gets underway, estimates for the following quarter would start coming down. This trend improved a bit over the last few quarters when estimates would not fall by as much as was historically the case, but they were nevertheless coming down.
The unusual thing about the Q4 estimates is that they actually went up at first and have started coming down only over the last couple of days, which has brought Q4 growth expectations to where they stood at the start of the period. This is totally different from what we would typically the comparable periods of other earnings seasons over the last few years. This will most likely change as more companies report Q3 results and manage the market’s expectations for the December quarter, but it is nevertheless an unusually positive development.
The chart below shows the evolution of Q4 estimates since the quarter got underway.
Fourth, total Q3 earnings for the S&P 500 index are on track to reach a new all-time quarterly record, surpassing the previous record reached in the preceding earnings season, as the chart below shows.
Please note that the $302.3 billion is the blended earnings total that combines the actual earnings that have come out with estimates for the still-to-come companies.
Expectations Beyond Q3
The chart below shows Q3 earnings growth expectations contrasted with what is expected in the following four quarters and actual results in the preceding 5 quarters. As you can see in the chart below, the growth pace is expected to decelerate from the double-digit level of the first two quarters of the year, but is expected to accelerate to ramp back up from the current period onwards.
Note: Sheraz Mian manages the Zacks equity research department. He is an acknowledged earnings expert whose commentaries and analyses appear on Zacks.com and in the print and electronic media. His weekly earnings related articles include Earnings Trends and Earnings Preview. He manages the Zacks Top 10 and Focus List portfolios and writes the Weekly Market Analysis article for Zacks Premium subscribers.
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Here is a list of the 152 companies including 15 S&P 500 and 11 S&P 600 reporting this week.
|Company ||Ticker ||Current Qtr ||Year-Ago Qtr ||Last EPS Surprise % ||Report Day ||Time |
|ARC GROUP WORLD||ARCW||-0.02||0.05||-166.67%||Monday||AMC|
|MARRONE BIO INV||MBII||-0.24||-0.29||-19.05%||Monday||AMC|
|MTN PROV DMND||MPVD||N/A||-0.02||N/A||Monday||AMC|
|PQ GROUP HLDGS||PQG||0.08||N/A||N/A||Monday||AMC|
|ONE GROUP HOSP||STKS||N/A||0.08||-80.00%||Monday||AMC|
|SEVEN STARS CLD||SSC||N/A||-0.05||-275.00%||Monday||N/A|
|ADVANCE AUTO PT||AAP||1.22||1.73||-4.24%||Tuesday||BTO|
|TJX COS INC NEW||TJX||1||0.91||0.00%||Tuesday||BTO|
|DICKS SPRTG GDS||DKS||0.26||0.48||-4.00%||Tuesday||BTO|
|DHX MEDIA LTD||DMQHF||0.04||0.01||N/A||Tuesday||BTO|
|DAQO NEW ENERGY||DQ||1.41||1.19||-13.77%||Tuesday||BTO|
|EAGLE POINT CRD||ECC||0.5||0.54||3.92%||Tuesday||BTO|
|ENERGY XXI GULF||EXXI||-0.44||N/A||N/A||Tuesday||BTO|
|INTL GAME NEW||IGT||0.26||0.45||-53.13%||Tuesday||BTO|
|KULICKE & SOFFA||KLIC||0.36||0.15||47.62%||Tuesday||BTO|
|MEDLEY MGMT INC||MDLY||0.12||0.14||-23.08%||Tuesday||BTO|
|NAVIOS MARIT LP||NMM||0.02||0.07||200.00%||Tuesday||BTO|
|AMER RENAL ASSC||ARA||0.16||0.28||33.33%||Tuesday||AMC|
|DIGITAL ALLY IN||DGLY||-0.26||-0.58||-70.83%||Tuesday||AMC|
|ESCO TECH INC||ESE||0.75||0.67||2.00%||Tuesday||AMC|
|MAM SOFTWARE GP||MAMS||0.08||0.1||116.67%||Tuesday||AMC|
|MA-COM TECH SOL||MTSI||0.3||0.44||-5.66%||Tuesday||AMC|
|REX ENERGY CORP||REXX||-1.18||-1.5||3.92%||Tuesday||AMC|
|SITO MOBILE LTD||SITO||-0.05||0.03||-200.00%||Tuesday||AMC|
|SORL AUTO PARTS||SORL||0.18||0.17||-6.06%||Tuesday||AMC|
|CHINA DIG TV||STVVY||N/A||-0.01||-27.27%||Tuesday||AMC|
|JA SOLAR HOLDGS||JASO||0.18||0.15||250.00%||Wednesday||BTO|
|SALLY BEAUTY CO||SBH||0.47||0.41||6.12%||Wednesday||BTO|
|TOP IMAGE SYS||TISA||-0.05||-0.02||1.19%||Wednesday||BTO|
|L BRANDS INC||LB||0.3||0.42||6.67%||Wednesday||AMC|
|EDAP TMS SA-ADR||EDAP||-0.02||-0.01||-150.00%||Wednesday||AMC|
|BERRY GLOBL GRP||BERY||0.79||0.73||12.05%||Thursday||BTO|
|BRADY CORP CL A||BRC||0.48||0.44||4.35%||Thursday||BTO|
|APPLD MATLS INC||AMAT||0.9||0.66||3.61%||Thursday||AMC|
|FOOT LOCKER INC||FL||0.8||1.13||-31.11%||Friday||BTO|